Sand fleas are parasitic crustaceans that vary in size. They can be small like a dot of ground pepper or grow to about the size of a rice grain to something bigger, visible to the naked eye. Given their name and habitat, they were thought to aim for water creatures only. Their bites are known to be limited to a certain area and no other part of the body would appear harmed. They feed off the outer layer of the skin and slowly eat their way from the top layer until the part appear white, an evidence of the flesh being damaged by the bites.
This type of flea is generally found in the North Pacific are said to be the most harmful. Once sand fleas find a host to attack, it is likely that the animal will eventually die. As their name suggests, they are typically found in the sand, sometimes in muddy places. What’s alarming about them though is that they don’t stay confined in these areas. They also invade homes and cause a number of health risks, skin disorders and their bites could be painful. It is very important that you take action to get rid of them as fast as you could once you discover their presence in your home.
How to Get Rid of Sand Fleas
These pesky creatures cannot be compared to the regular fleas that we are accustomed to. They fight back and bite when threatened. One of the ways they get into our homes is by attaching themselves to pets and other things that have gone out from our homes to where they are and back. To get rid of them, here are some important facts to know:
- Learn to recognize what they are and how they look like. If you don’t know how these pests look like, you might not know that they have already invaded your home. After being attacked, your pet may suddenly stop frequenting the yard where an infestation may have likely started. Once sand fleas have invaded your home, you can’t expect to spot them easily. They seek safety in dark parts of the house. If any of your family members or pets start to show suspicious bites, try to see if there are larvae or pupae hiding in areas that are most undisturbed. The common sand flea would be about a centimeter long, either gray or brown with a tail and antennae.
- Do a widespread cleaning at home. It may be a difficult and tedious task to rid your homes of an infestation but a thorough cleaning of their possible breeding grounds is a must. Sand fleas can’t survive salt. They tend to dehydrate and later on die if you sprinkled salt on them. Before vacuuming, especially the carpet, let sprinkled salt stay for 24 hours. Prior to washing, disinfect every linen, covers and other similar materials left untouched for some time and may have been used as hiding place.
- Vacuum, repair and seal off all cracks and crevices. Fleas tend to hide in cracks and crevices and just about any spot they can squeeze in and hide. Make sure to meticulously vacuum all these areas to include hidden larvae and pupae. Discard of vacuum bags properly. Stop the sand fleas from re-occupying these spots by repairing and sealing them off.
- Spray and steam clean. Before using the vacuum, you may also use a pesticide spray to kill the fleas. Steam cleaning using high temperature is another option to kill them and get rid of their hatching grounds. If you are growing vegetables in your yard, you need a different approach in killing the fleas. Sprinkling a generous amount of diatomaceous earth will work against the fleas but will keep the plants safe.
Home should be our refuge and not a place for harboring unwanted creatures that could make our lives and that of our pets miserable. As you ensure that your home is properly treated to be free of fleas, don’t forget to treat your pets too for they could bring the sand fleas right back in. Have peace of mind knowing that you have completely gotten rid of them and have used measures to keep them from coming back.